What it means to ‘flatten the curve’
If left unchecked, infections can generate a large number of cases at the start of an epidemic. This huge spike presents a problem. It means there are many people with the potential to infect many more people. A health care system dealing with this type of threat can easily become overwhelmed. One strategy to counter fast-moving viruses is known as “flattening the curve.”
In short, limit social interaction and you’ll limit viral transmission. With nowhere to go, the virus will spread more slowly, making it easier to manage resources.