JESUS INSTITUTES THE NEW COVENANT/BETTER PROMISES          

Study Date: 2 June 19        

Scripture: Mark 14: 17-24; Hebrews 8: 6-7, 10-12

MEMORY VERSE: “But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.” (Hebrews 8: 6)

GUIDING PRINCIPLE:  The only way to establish and maintain a lasting, committed relationship is through Jesus Christ and His everlasting covenant.

RESOURCES FOR THE SEED:  Deuteronomy 16: 1-8; Mark 11: 1-10; Mark 14: 12-16; Jeremiah 31: 31-34; Luke 22: 14-23; John 13: 2-7.

OBJECTIVES:

            To understand Marks account of the crucifixion of Jesus.

            To reflect on the price paid for the new covenant.

            To pray and restore the relationship with Jesus and one another. 

WORDS TO REMEMBER

Crowd—multitude, large group of people.

Crucify—To kill by hanging on a cross.

Cry—Noise indicating distress.

Darkness—opposite of light, evil.

Jesus Christ—Son of God born of a virgin, answer to the new Covenant.

Pontius Pilate—Roman governor, responsible for crucifixion of Jesus Christ, declares Jesus innocent.

Prisoner—one bound, held in captivity.

Released—set free.

BREAKING UP FALLOW GROUND

Describe the strengths and weaknesses of a long lasting relationship.

How would describe the “Last Supper?”

How was the Passover different from the Last Supper?

What promises did you make that you did not keep?

To whom have you promised something that you did not follow through with?

What was the prophecy about the one who would betray Jesus?

THE SEED        JESUS INSTITUTES THE NEW COVENANT/BETTER PROMISES       
MARK 14” 17-24; Hebrews 8: 6-7, 10-12.
  1. Prediction of the Great Betrayal (Mark 14: 17-21)
  2. Jesus met with His disciples in the evening.
  3. The disciples and Jesus sat down to eat.
  4. Jesus pointed out that one would soon betray Him.
  5. The disciples asked if it was the one talking.
  6. Jesus identified the disciple by his eating habits and told him to do what he was planning.
  7. The Last Supper (Mark 14: 22-24)
  8. They ate bread blessed and broken by Jesus.
  9. They drank from the cup with thanksgiving.
  10. Their meal was symbolic of the death and suffering of Jesus, the price Jesus would pay. 
  11. The Superior Covenant (Hebrews 8: 6-7)
  12. Jesus was the mediator who showed us a better way.
  13. This covenant was without fault with Jesus sealing it.
  14. Forgiveness and Cleansing of Sin (Hebrew 8: 10-12)
  15. Compared to the previous covenant written on stone, this was written on the heart.
  16. God would be their God and they would be His people.
  17. Everybody would have a chance to know Him and be made whole.
  18. Sins would be forgiven and done away with forever.\

The new covenant was initiated by Jesus in the form of the Lord’s Supper.  We should accept the sacrifice with respect and appreciation for He made possible.

PLANTING THE SEED

What was Jesus and His disciples doing?

What impact did His words have on the disciples?

How was the betrayer identified?

What was the betrayer told to do?

What would be the result of the betrayer for the betrayer?

What good things did Jesus do for His disciples?

What four things did Jesus do with each item?

What was the purpose of the new covenant?

How did this covenant compare to the old covenant?

With whom was the previous covenant made?

Was the first covenant based on law or grace?

What would be the result of the new covenant?

What would happen to sin and iniquity?

NURTURING THE SEED

Did Jesus and His disciples eat together regularly?

What did Jesus do with special days?

Who was at the table with Jesus during the Last Supper?

How did Jesus deal with the betrayer?

Were the other disciples concerned about the betraying?

Discuss the purpose of the Lord’s Supper.

How was the Lord’s Supper distinct from the other meal?

What lasting agreement was made with this supper?

Were the results of this supper the same as the previous?

FRUIT FROM THE SEED

Jesus knows our thoughts before they are expressed or acted upon.

Evil will become known and will be dealt with.

The penalty for wrong is serious.

The bread represented His body and the cup represented His blood shed.

The covenant made in perfection.

God will put His will in our minds.

He will write on our hearts.

We are members of the family of God.

God is able to cleanse us of all sin.

Stand confidently in relations with God and man.