JUSTICE AND SABBATH LAWS/COMPLIANCE VERSUS COMPASSION        

Study Date: 3 June 18 
Scripture: MATTHEW 12: 1-14               
Biblica Date: A.D. 28           
Biblical Location: GALILEE

KEY VERSE:     “IF YE HAD KNOWN WHAT THIS MEANETH, I WILL HAVE MERCY, AND NOT SACRIFICE. YE WOULD NOT HAVE CONDEMNED THE GUILTLESS.” (Matthew 12: 7) 

OBJECTIVES: 
  • To see how Jesus dealt with the question of how to observe the Sabbath.
  • To understand Jesus’ teachings regarding the Sabbath.
  • To understand that obedience to God never hinders compassion.
  • To affirm that we must respond to human needs.
  • To live according to Sabbath principles taught by Jesus
  • To behave each day as God would have us in relationship to others.
RESOURCES FOR THE SEED

1 Samuel 21: 1-6, Hosea 6: 1-6; Leviticus 19: 9-10; Deuteronomy 23: 25; Luke 14: 1-6; John 5: 9-18; Psalm 10; 12-18.

WORDS TO REMEMBER

Disciple—learner, pupil of someone .

Grain fields—planted fields, cornfields.

Mercy—compassion, pity.

Pharisees—Jewish sect after the exile, recognized oral tradition as a standard for life and belief.

Sabbath—time required to abstain from all work.

TILLING THE SOIL

What did the disciples and Jesus do as they passed through the grain/corn field?

How did Jesus use the behavior as a teaching moment?

What does the treatment of withered hand have to do with the Sabbath?

What cause opposition to Jesus to develop in Israel?

THE SEED        JUSTICE AND SABBATH LAWS/A DESIRE FOR MERCY          MATTHEW 12: 1-14
  1. LOVING THE SABBATH FOR THE RIGHT REASONS (Matthew 12: 1-2)
  2. Jesus was passing through the corn field on Saturday.
  3. His disciples were hungry and plucked corn to eat.
  4. The Pharisees complained about their plucking corn on Saturday.
  5. OVERRULING SABBATH RESTRICTIONS (Matthew 12: 3-4)
  6. Jesus reminded the Pharisees that the Word of God had a spirit and how David acted.
  7. Feeding the hunger was more important than mere law keeping.
  8. MERCY TAKES PRIORITY OVER SACRIFICE (Matthew 12: 5-8)
  9. The priests had to work on the Sabbath carrying on divinely ordained duties.
  10. No act in the temple was to be done blasphemous.
  11. Jesus used Scripture to defeat the Pharisees…(Ephesians 6: 17)
  12. COMPASSION FOR SUFFERING HUMANITY (Matthew 12: 9-14)
  13. Jesus left and went into their synagogue.
  14. He shared the story of care for the withered hand.
  15. Showing of compassion is an act of mercy no matter the day.
  16. Be helpful in times of need.
  17. What we do for people is much more significant than what we do for other animals.
  18. Others are made whole when we are compassionate toward their needs.
  19. Some form a conspiracy against those who do good.

God’s desire for believers is to extend mercy to other rather than just follow sets of rules.

PLANTING THE SEED

What was the Sabbath?

How is the Sabbath and the Lord’s Day related?

What accusation was leveled against Jesus’ disciples related to the Sabbath?

How did Jesus use David to make what point?

Was the Sabbath really profaned by the priest?

What Scripture did Jesus quote and why?

What was the difference between the temple and the synagogue?

Why did the Pharisee think healing on the Sabbath was wrong?

What point was Jesus making when he mentioned sheep in a pit?

What was the Pharisees response to the withered hand healing?

NURTURING THE SEED

Why were the Pharisees so concerned about what Jesus did?

What made it permissible for David and others to eat the showbread?

What did Jesus mean when he said, “I will have mercy, and not sacrifice”?

Explain Jesus’ awareness of the motives of the Pharisees.

Why were the Pharisees determined to destroy Jesus?

Did Jesus make it a habit of working on the Sabbath?

FRUIT FROM THE CROP

MANY OF US ARE JUDGMENTAL AND QUICK TO POINT OUT THE FAULTS OF TOTHERS.

Be assured that no matter what God knows your heart.

God is the Lord of the Sabbath.

God has the final say about who is guilty or blameless.

Some nonbelievers set traps for believers.

Finding fault is not an act of love.

Keeping the Lord’s Day is not an excuse to withhold goodwill toward others.

While some would use our kindness against us, we should always do what is right.

We can and should show mercy even on the Sabbath.

Using Scripture is the best way to make a point.

A heart tender toward God and others is more important than simply following the rules.

God’s mercy is just, perfect, merciful so that He sent His son to bear our guilt.

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