Study Date: 5 Nov 17
Scripture: Numbers 25: 10-13; 1 Samuel 2: 30-36
Biblical Date: 1405 B.C.; 1011 B.C.
Location: SHITTIM; JERUSALEM
- To understand the truth of God’s faithfulness when we are unfaithful.
- To reflect on the consequences of infidelity to God.
- To realize that we need to respond to the faithfulness of God by being faithful.
- To be faithful to God in all things.
- To serve others faithfully as called by God.
GUIDING PRINCIPLE: God rewards the faithful and punishes the unfaithful, proving the faithfulness of God to His everlasting covenant.
RESOURCES FOR THE SEED
Psalm 44: 1-8; Matthew 26: 6-13; Romans 12: 9-18; Philemon 8-16; Numbers 25: 1-9; 1 Samuel 2: 12-17.
WORDS TO REMEMBER
Atonement—to cover, purge, make reconciliation, cover over with pitch.
Honor—to glorify, to be honorable, be glorious.
Peace—completeness, soundness, welfare.
Phinehas—priest, grandson of Aaron whose zeal for God ended in God’s wrath.
Wrath—rage, hot displeasure, indignation, anger.
Zealous—jealousy, to envy, be envious.
Breaking Up Fallow Ground/Tilling the Soil
What does the love of God teach us about our behavior?
What can we do to help others to be what god wants?
What should be expected of an assistant?
When work is entrusted to us, what ought to be our response.
THE SEED FAITHFUL GOD. UNFAITHFUL PEOPLE/BE FAITHFUL Numbers 25: 10-13; 1 Samuel 2: 30-36
- Priestly Covenant of Peace (Numbers 25: 10-13)
- God was speaking to His people.
- The priest turned his anger away from god’s people.
- God promised a covenant of peace.
- The covenant would last forever because of the faithfulness of the priest.
- Rebellion among the Unfaithful Priest (1 Samuel 2: 30-34)
- God would honor those who honor Him and dishonor those who dishonor Him.
- God had a plan to deal with disobedience—no old men.
- The enemy would be obvious.
- The old would be cut off and die in the flower of their age.
- Both Samuels Sons would die in one day.
- The Promise of the Faithful Priest (1 Samuel 2: 35-36)
- God is in charge and will raise up a faithful priesthood.
- The house of priesthood would be sure.
- Everyone would desire the priesthood promise.
The faithfulness of God should move all believers to want to live a life of faithfulness toward Him. Respond to faithfulness with faithfulness.
PLANTING THE SEED
What is the setting or background of this lesson?
How did Phinehas turn back the wrath of God?
What was the covenant between God and Phinehas and his descendants?
Who was Eli and what do we know about his sons?
Who delivered a troubling message to Eli and what was that message?
What was Eli guilty of?
What divine judgment would fall on the house of Eli?
How did Eli know the message of God was sure to be fulfilled?
What happened to the two sons of Eli?
Discuss how the raising up of a faithful priest was possible?
NURTURING THE SEED
What traits of Phinehas are important for Christian leaders today?
How can we as Christian leaders be sure our righteous anger is appropriate?
How should we behave today when we are angry about community issues and conditions?
How do we know that the priest will always come from the tribe of Levi?
How and when was the promise of God to raise up a faithful priest fulfilled?
FRUIT FROM THE CROP
Believers must be passionate about right and justice.
God always remembers those who stand from right no matter what.
Whether we obey or not, God’s plan will succeed.
When we disobey god, we exclude ourselves from His promises.
Tolerance of sin and wickedness leads to the judgment of God.
God mercy and love work hand-n-hand with His holiness and discipline.
Those whose hearts are faithful are rewarded by God.
We should be just as diligent about doing the work of God as we are about our jobs.
Our zeal for God ought to be fueled by our love for God and His honor for us.
God sometimes uses tragic and traumatic events to open our hearts.
When one does not obey god, He will find another to be faithful.
Be faithful to God even when it is unpopular.
WE would do well to become examples of working faith.